
7Year 7 Standards
Top Mathematicians

Number and Algebra

7.OA.1.1
Number and place value
• Investigate index notation and represent whole numbers as products of powers of prime numbers
 defining and comparing prime and composite numbers and explaining the difference between them
 applying knowledge of factors to strategies for expressing whole numbers as products of powers of prime factors, such as repeated division by prime factors or creating factor trees
 solving problems involving lowest common multiples and greatest common divisors (highest common factors) for pairs of whole numbers by comparing their prime factorisation
• Investigate and use square roots of perfect square numbers
 investigating square numbers such as 25 and 36 and developing squareroot notation
 investigating between which two whole numbers a square root lies
• Apply the associative, commutative and distributive laws to aid mental and written computation
 understanding that arithmetic laws are powerful ways of describing and simplifying calculations
• Compare, order, add and subtract integers 

7.110

7.215

7.310

7.45

7.510

7.65

7.715

7.815

7.920

7.1020

7.1115

7.1215


7.OA.1.2
Real numbers
• Compare fractions using equivalence. Locate and represent positive and negative fractions and mixed numbers on a number line
 exploring equivalence among families of fractions by using a fraction wall or a number line (for example by using a fraction wall to show that 2/3 is the same as 4/6 and 6/9)
• Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions, including those with unrelated denominators
 exploring and developing efficient strategies to solve additive problems involving fractions (for example by using fraction walls or rectangular arrays with dimensions equal to the denominators)
• Multiply and divide fractions and decimals using efficient written strategies and digital technologies
 investigating multiplication of fractions and decimals, using strategies including patterning and multiplication as repeated addition, with both concrete materials and digital technologies, and identifying the processes for division as the inverse of multiplication
• Express one quantity as a fraction of another, with and without the use of digital technologies
 using authentic examples for the quantities to be expressed and understanding the reasons for the calculations
• Round decimals to a specified number of decimal places
 using rounding to estimate the results of calculations with whole numbers and decimals, and understanding the conventions for rounding
• Connect fractions, decimals and percentages and carry out simple conversions
 justifying choices of written, mental or calculator strategies for solving specific problems including those involving large numbers
 understanding that quantities can be represented by different number types and calculated using various operations, and that choices need to be made about each
 calculating the percentage of the total local municipal area set aside for parkland, manufacturing, retail and residential dwellings to compare land use
• Find percentages of quantities and express one quantity as a percentage of another, with and without digital technologies.
 using authentic problems to express quantities as percentages of other amounts
• Recognise and solve problems involving simple ratios
 understanding that rate and ratio problems can be solved using fractions or percentages and choosing the most efficient form to solve a particular problem 

7.1315

7.1415

7.1520

7.1615

7.1720

7.1815

7.1920

7.2015

7.2120

7.2220

7.2320

7.2420

7.2515

7.2615

7.2715

7.285

7.2915

7.3020

7.3115

7.3215

7.3315

7.3420

7.3515

7.3615

7.3715

7.3815

7.3915

7.4015

7.4115

7.4210

7.4310

7.445

7.4510

7.4615

7.4715

7.4815

7.4915

7.5020

7.5115

7.5215

7.5310

7.5410

7.5515

7.5615

7.5715

7.5815

7.5915

7.605

7.615

7.6215

7.635

7.645

7.655

7.6615

7.6715

7.685


7.OA.1.3
Money and financial mathematics
• Investigate and calculate 'best buys', with and without digital technologies
 applying the unitary method to identify 'best buys' situations, such as comparing the cost per 100g 

7.6920

7.705


7.OA.1.4
Patterns and algebra
• Introduce the concept of variables as a way of representing numbers using letters
 understanding that arithmetic laws are powerful ways of describing and simplifying calculations and that using these laws leads to the generality of algebra
• Create algebraic expressions and evaluate them by substituting a given value for each variable
 using authentic formulas to perform substitutions
• Extend and apply the laws and properties of arithmetic to algebraic terms and expressions
 identifying order of operations in contextualised problems, preserving the order by inserting brackets in numerical expressions, then recognising how order is preserved by convention
 moving fluently between algebraic and word representations as descriptions of the same situation 

7.715

7.725

7.7310

7.745

7.7515

7.7610

7.775

7.7810

7.795

7.8015

7.815

7.825

7.835

7.845

7.8510

7.865

7.875

7.8810

7.8910

7.905

7.9110

7.9210

7.9315

7.9410


7.OA.1.5
Linear and nonlinear relationships
• Given coordinates, plot points on the Cartesian plane, and find coordinates for a given point
 plotting points from a table of integer values and recognising simple patterns, such as points that lie on a straight line
• Solve simple linear equations
 solving equations using concrete materials, such as the balance model, and explain the need to do the same thing to each side of the equation using substitution to check solutions
 investigating a range of strategies to solve equations
• Investigate, interpret and analyse graphs from authentic data
 using travel graphs to investigate and compare the distance travelled to and from school
 interpreting features of travel graphs such as the slope of lines and the meaning of horizontal lines
 using graphs of evaporation rates to explore water storage 

7.7810

7.795

7.8015

7.905

7.9410

7.9610

7.9715

7.985

7.9920

7.1005

7.1015

7.1025


7.OA.1.1

Statistics & Probability

7.SP.1.1
Chance
• Construct sample spaces for singlestep experiments with equally likely outcomes
 discussing the meaning of probability terminology (for example probability, sample space, favourable outcomes, trial, events and experiments)
 distinguishing between equally likely outcomes and outcomes that are not equally likely
• Assign probabilities to the outcomes of events and determine probabilities for events
 expressing probabilities as decimals, fractionals and percentages 
7.SP.1.2
Data representation and interpretation
• Identify and investigate issues involving numerical data collected from primary and secondary sources
 obtaining secondary data from newspapers, the Internet and the Australian Bureau of Statistics
 investigating secondary data relating to the distribution and use of nonrenewable resources around the world
• Construct and compare a range of data displays including stemandleaf plots and dot plots
 understanding that some data representations are more appropriate than others for particular data sets, and answering questions about those data sets
 using ordered stemandleaf plots to record and display numerical data collected in a class investigation, such as constructing a class plot of height in centimetres on a shared stemandleaf plot for which the stems 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17 have been produced
• Calculate mean, median, mode and range for sets of data. Interpret these statistics in the context of data
 understanding that summarising data by calculating measures of centre and spread can help make sense of the data
• Describe and interpret data displays using median, mean and range
 using mean and median to compare data sets and explaining how outliers may affect the comparison
 locating mean, median and range on graphs and connecting them to real life 

7.1175

7.1185

7.1195

7.1205

7.1215

7.1225

7.1235

7.1245

7.12510

7.1265

7.1275

7.1285

7.12910

7.1305

7.1315

7.1325

7.1335

7.1345

7.1355

7.1365

7.1375

7.13810

7.13910

7.14010

7.14110

7.14210

7.14310

7.14410

7.14510

7.14610

7.14710

7.1485

7.1495

7.1505

7.1515

7.1525

7.1535

7.1545

7.1555

7.1565

7.1575


7.SP.1.1

Measurement and Geometry

7.MD.1.1
Using units of measurement
• Establish the formulas for areas of rectangles, triangles and parallelograms, and use these in problemsolving
 building on the understanding of the area of rectangles to develop formulas for the area of triangles
 establishing that the area of a triangle is half the area of an appropriate rectangle
 using area formulas for rectangles and triangles to solve problems involving areas of surfaces
• Calculate volumes of rectangular prisms
 investigating volumes of cubes and rectangular prisms and establishing and using the formula V = l × b × h
 understanding and using cubic units when interpreting and finding volumes of cubes and rectangular prisms 
7.MD.1.2
Shape
• Draw different views of prisms and solids formed from combinations of prisms
 using aerial views of buildings and other 3D structures to visualise the structure of the building or prism 

7.1035


7.MD.1.3
Location and transformation
• Describe translations, reflections in an axis and rotations of multiples of 90° on the Cartesian plane using coordinates. Identify line and rotational symmetries
 describing patterns and investigating different ways to produce the same transformation such as using two successive reflections to provide the same result as a translation
 experimenting with, creating and recreating patterns using combinations of reflections and rotations using digital technologies 

7.1045

7.1055

7.1065

7.10710

7.10810

7.10910


7.MD.1.4
Geometric reasoning
• Identify corresponding, alternate and cointerior angles when two straight lines are crossed by a transversal
 defining and classifying pairs of angles as complementary, supplementary, adjacent and vertically opposite
• Investigate conditions for two lines to be parallel and solve simple numerical problems using reasoning
 constructing parallel and perpendicular lines using their properties, a pair of compasses and a ruler, and dynamic geometry software
 defining and identifying the relationships between altenate, corresponding and cointerior angles for a pair of parallel lines cut by a transversal
• Demonstrate that the angle sum of a triangle is 180° and use this to find the angle sum of a quadrilateral
 using concrete materials and digital technologies to investigate the angle sum of a triangle and quadrilateral
• Classify triangles according to their side and angle properties and describe quadrilaterals
 identifying side and angle properties of scalene, isosceles, rightangled and obtuseangled triangles
 describing squares, rectangles, rhombuses, parallelograms, kites and trapeziums 

7.1105

7.1115

7.1125

7.1135

7.1145

7.835


7.MD.1.1