
8Year 8 Standards
Top Mathematicians

Number and Algebra

8.OA.1.1
Number and place value
• Use index notation with numbers to establish the index laws with positive integral indices and the zero index
 evaluating numbers expressed as powers of positive integers
• Carry out the four operations with rational numbers and integers, using efficient mental and written strategies and appropriate digital technologies
 using patterns to assist in finding rules for the multiplication and division of integers
 using the number line to develop strategies for adding and subtracting rational numbers 

8.110

8.210

8.35

8.415

8.520

8.615

8.715

8.815

8.95

8.1020

8.1120

8.1215

8.1315

8.145

8.1515

8.1615

8.1710

8.185

8.195

8.205

8.2115


8.OA.1.2
Real numbers
• Investigate terminating and recurring decimals
 recognising terminating, recurring and nonterminating decimals and choosing their appropriate representations
• Investigate the concept of irrational numbers, including Ï€
 understanding that the real number system includes irrational numbers
• Solve problems involving the use of percentages, including percentage increases and decreases, with and without digital technologies
 using percentages to solve problems, including those involving markups, discounts, and GST
 using percentages to calculate population increases and decreases
• Solve a range of problems involving rates and ratios, with and without digital technologies
 understanding that rate and ratio problems can be solved using fractions or percentages and choosing the most efficient form to solve a particular problem
 calculating population growth rates in Australia and Asia and explaining their difference 

8.2210

8.235

8.245

8.255

8.2615

8.2715

8.285

8.295

8.3015

8.3115

8.3215

8.3315

8.345

8.3515

8.365

8.3715

8.385

8.3915

8.4015

8.4115

8.4215

8.4315

8.4415

8.4515

8.4620

8.4710

8.485

8.495


8.OA.1.3
Money and financial mathematics
• Solve problems involving profit and loss, with and without digital technologies
 expressing profit and loss as a percentage of cost or selling price, comparing the difference
 investigating the methods used in retail stores to express discounts 

8.3115


8.OA.1.4
Patterns and algebra
• Extend and apply the distributive law to the expansion of algebraic expressions
 applying the distributive law to the expansion of algebraic expressions using strategies such as the area model
• Factorise algebraic expressions by identifying numerical factors
 recognising the relationship between factorising and expanding
 identifying the greatest common divisor (highest common factor) of numeric and algebraic expressions and using a range of strategies to factorise algebraic expressions
• Simplify algebraic expressions involving the four operations
 understanding that the laws used with numbers can also be used with algebra 
8.OA.1.5
Linear and nonlinear relationships
• Plot linear relationships on the Cartesian plane with and without the use of digital technologies
 completing a table of values, plotting the resulting points and determining whether the relationship is linear
 finding the rule for a linear relationship
• Solve linear equations using algebraic and graphical techniques. Verify solutions by substitution
 solving real life problems by using variables to represent unknowns 

8.1615

8.185

8.195

8.205

8.565

8.575

8.5810

8.5910

8.6010

8.615

8.6215

8.635

8.6515

8.6610

8.6710

8.6810

8.695

8.7010

8.7110

8.725


8.OA.1.1

Statistics & Probability

8.SP.1.1
Chance
• Identify complementary events and use the sum of probabilities to solve problems
 identifying the complement of familiar events
 understanding that probabilities range between 0 to 1 and that calculating the probability of an event allows the probability of its complement to be found
• Describe events using language of 'at least', exclusive 'or' (A or B but not both), inclusive 'or' (A or B or both) and 'and'.
 posing 'and', 'or' and 'not' probability questions about objects or people
• Represent events in twoway tables and Venn diagrams and solve related problems
 using Venn diagrams and twoway tables to calculate probabilities for events, satisfying 'and', 'or' and 'not' conditions
 understanding that representing data in Venn diagrams or twoway tables facilitates the calculation of probabilities
 collecting data to answer the questions using Venn diagrams or twoway tables 
8.SP.1.2
Data representation and interpretation
• Investigate techniques for collecting data, including census, sampling and observation
 identifying situations where data can be collected by census and those where a sample is appropriate
• Explore the practicalities and implications of obtaining data through sampling using a variety of investigative processes
 investigating the uses of random sampling to collect data
• Explore the variation of means and proportions of random samples drawn from the same population
 using sample properties to predict characteristics of the population
• Investigate the effect of individual data values, including outliers, on the mean and median
 using displays of data to explore and investigate effects 

8.895

8.905

8.915

8.925

8.9310

8.9410

8.9510

8.9610

8.9710

8.9810

8.9910

8.10010

8.10110

8.10210

8.1035

8.1045

8.1055

8.1065

8.1075

8.1085

8.1095

8.1105

8.1115

8.1125


8.SP.1.1

Measurement and Geometry

8.MD.1.1
Using units of measurement
• Choose appropriate units of measurement for area and volume and convert from one unit to another
 choosing units for area including mm2, cm2, m2, hectares, km2, and units for volume including mm3, cm3, m3
 recognising that the conversion factors for area units are the squares of those for the corresponding linear units
 recognising that the conversion factors for volume units are the cubes of those for the corresponding linear units
• Find perimeters and areas of parallelograms, trapeziums, rhombuses and kites
 establishing and using formulas for areas such as trapeziums, rhombuses and kites
• Investigate the relationship between features of circles such as circumference, area, radius and diameter. Use formulas to solve problems involving circumference and area
 investigating the circumference and area of circles with materials or by measuring, to establish an understanding of formulas
 investigating the area of circles using a square grid or by rearranging a circle divided into sectors
• Develop formulas for volumes of rectangular and triangular prisms and prisms in general. Use formulas to solve problems involving volume
 investigating the relationship between volumes of rectangular and triangular prisms
• Solve problems involving duration, including using 12 and 24hour time within a single time zone
 identifying regions in Australia and countries in Asia that are in the same time zone 

8.7315

8.745

8.755

8.765

8.775

8.785

8.7920

8.8020

8.8110


8.MD.1.2
Geometric reasoning
• Define congruence of plane shapes using transformations
 understanding the properties that determine congruence of triangles and recognising which transformations create congruent figures
 establishing that two figures are congruent if one shape lies exactly on top of the other after one or more transformations (translation, reflection, rotation), and recognising that the matching sides and the matching angles are equal
• Develop the conditions for congruence of triangles
 investigating the minimal conditions needed for the unique construction of triangles, leading to the establishment of the conditions for congruence (SSS, SAS, ASA and RHS)
 solving problems using the properties of congruent figures
 constructing triangles using the conditions for congruence
• Establish properties of quadrilaterals using congruent triangles and angle properties, and solve related numerical problems using reasoning
 establishing the properties of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, rhombuses, trapeziums and kites
 identifying properties related to side lengths, parallel sides, angles, diagonals and symmetry 

8.825

8.835

8.845

8.855

8.865

8.875


8.MD.1.1